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The Financial Aid Office is responsible for processing financial aid applications to assist students with the payment of their educational costs through grants, student loans, scholarships and work opportunities. Fall financial aid awards are scheduled to be credited to your student account a few days before the first week of classes. The first day of classes is Monday, August 23, Financial aid will first pay tuition fees and for students residing in University housing, those charges will also be paid.

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On NSE, the scrip debuted at Rs 1, The IPO was subscribed on the first day itself. Overall, the issue received bids for 45,80,08, shares, which was They are not relevant to me They disrupt the reading flow Others. Read the now! Indulge in digital reading experience of ET newspaper exactly as it is.

Read Now. Also, ETMarkets. For fastest news alerts on financial markets, investment strategies and stocks alerts, subscribe to our Telegram feeds. Powered by. Check out which Nifty50 stocks analysts recommend buying this week. Privatization is conducted with the aim of improving the performance and value added of the company and enhancing the public participation in SOEs share ownership.

Privatization is done by taking into account the principles of transparency, independence, accountability, accountability, and fairness. Privatization must be preceded by the selection action of the companies and based on the criteria set out in the Government Regulation.

Against the companies that have been selected and meet the criteria that have been determined, after receiving a recommendation from the Minister of Finance, then disseminated to the community and consulted to the House of Representatives. Garuda's total offered shares are 6. At the beginning of the Garuda Indonesia stock price offerings had dropped, but the data stabilized again so that in accordance with market prices. Garuda Indonesia privatized by the flotation method.

These method offering shares through Initial Public Offering or initial public offering. With this method, anyone can buy offered shares including foreign parties who are interested in buying shares. The delay in development, especially infrastructure development, requires the government to find a solution to the problem by involving various related stakeholders in the implementation of development, for example, the private sector, the community, and Non-Governmental Organizations NGO , and others.

The involvement of various parties has an important role to play in assisting the government as not all development activities can be done by the government itself, especially in terms of the availability of human resources and financial skills so that the involvement of private parties is required.

This form of cooperation involving private parties is known as a public private partnership PPP. This prompted the government to engage in PPP due to limited funding, efficiency and effectiveness of government, and government accountability to the public.

But in the implementation of development involving PPP, this can give positive and negative impact. The positive impact of PPP is risk sharing between government and private parties, cost saving, service level improvement, and multiplier effect in broader economic benefits such as job creation, reduction of crime rate, income increase. While the negative impacts of PPPs on improper targets would be the addition of costs, the unstable national political situation also affected the PPP process such as delays in project implementation, poor service, bias in the selection of project activities such as the determination of the winning bidder, and the loss of control Government in the process of implementation of activities.

The involvement of private parties, which are able to provide finance and expertise at least helps the government function as a motor development executor. In addition, through PPP also creates a clean government system because in this case, the government can also implement the control function of the private sector involved.

However, the relationship between government and the private sector must have a mutually beneficial relationship and must be bound in a contract for a certain period of time. The role and function of the government to control the implementation of development is needed.

The involvement of the private sector is to gain profit as a consequence of development. However, the benefits to the private sector should not be detrimental to development. Hence the need for government oversight and time restrictions. PPP can be said to be an alternative to the problem of infrastructure development in Indonesia.

However, the application of PPP in Indonesia is also still weak due to overlapping regulations that make it difficult for private parties to invest, bureaucratic procedures are still convoluted, spatial planning areas and areas that are not well ordered, technical planning design that is not mature making it difficult for the private sector in the process of workmanship.

The impact of government support based on financial achievement is as follow on table 1. Dividend paid by SOEs to the Government from to has increased tremendously. A slight decrease in compared to but still in reasonable range. Increased dividend payments by SOEs to governments means increasing government revenues. This is a positive effect of government support for SOEs. From the performance of SOEs in obtaining profit, there was an increase in net profit from the average of all net income generated by SOEs.

Since , there has been an increase in net profit from the average of all SOEs. The increase in average net profit indicates that government support has a positive effect for SOEs. The another effect that the government gained is the increased value of government ownership of SOEs capital. Since to , the value of government shareholdings in SOEs has increased to more than three times the value of share ownership in

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Financial cyber attacks Artikel DJKN. In an IPOthe issuer obtains the assistance of an underwriting firm to help determine what type of security to issue, the best offering price, the number of shares to be issued and the time to bring it to market. Privatization is done by taking into account the principles of transparency, independence, accountability, accountability, and fairness. Aims to generate an absolute return for investors above a 6. Market Watch. They are not relevant to me They disrupt the reading flow Others. The IPO was subscribed on the first day itself.
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A three-day waiting period exists for any member that has acted as a manager or co-manager in a secondary offering. Not all IPOs are eligible for delivery settlement through the DTC system , which would then either require the physical delivery of the stock certificates to the clearing agent bank's custodian or a delivery versus payment DVP arrangement with the selling group firm. A "stag" is a party or individual who subscribes to the new issue expecting the price of the stock to rise immediately upon the start of trading.

Thus, stag profit is the financial gain accumulated by the party or individual resulting from the value of the shares rising. This term is more popular in the United Kingdom than in the United States. In the US, such investors are usually called flippers, because they get shares in the offering and then immediately turn around " flipping " or selling them on the first day of trading.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Type of securities offering. For other uses, see IPO disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards.

You can help. The talk page may contain suggestions. May The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Quiet period. Boston University Law Review. The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 November Geert Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, chapter 1, pp.

Many of the financial products or instruments that we see today emerged during a relatively short period. In particular, merchants and bankers developed what we would today call securitization. Mutual funds and various other forms of structured finance that still exist today emerged in the 17th and 18th centuries in Holland. Retrieved 12 July Retrieved 30 July Companies Go Public".

Transaction Advisors. ISSN Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved 12 December Securities Trading Corporation. Wright, "Reforming the U. In Jonathan Koppell ed. Retrieved 10 December Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 23 July The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 October Slate Magazine. The New York Times. Working Knowledge. Harvard Business School. Queen's University Law and Economics Workshop.

Queen's University. Retrieved 21 July Arab News. Retrieved 15 January Wall Street Journal. Financial Times. Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 26 December Gregoriou, Greg Butterworth-Heineman, an imprint of Elsevier. ISBN Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 15 June Goergen, M.

Managerial Finance. Loughran, T. Financial Management. Review of Financial Studies. Khurshed, A. Applied Financial Economics. S2CID Bradley, D. Journal of Finance. CiteSeerX Journal of Business Finance and Accounting. SSRN Mudambi, R. Journal of Business Venturing. Drucker, Steven; Puri, M. In Eckbo, B. Handbook of Corporate Finance. Boston: Elsevier. Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 14 September Mondo Visione web site: Chambers, Clem.

Published Accessed 21 September Friesen, Geoffrey C. Anderlini, Jamil 13 August Retrieved 13 August Hu, Bei and Vannucci, Cecile. Retrieved "Pricing the 'biggest IPO in history' ". Archived from the original on 5 December Accessed "Quiet Period". Retrieved 4 March The federal securities laws do not define the term "quiet period", which is also referred to as the "waiting period".

However, historically, a quiet period extended from the time a company files a registration statement with the SEC until SEC staff declared the registration statement "effective". During that period, the federal securities laws limited what information a company and related parties can release to the public. Corporate finance and investment banking. Debt restructuring Debtor-in-possession financing Financial sponsor Leveraged buyout Leveraged recapitalization High-yield debt Private equity Project finance.

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Should be clear, although unfiltered dry-hopped versions may be a bit hazy; if opaque, should not be murky. Good head stand with light tan to tan color should persist. A moderate to high hop aroma, often with a stone fruit, tropical, citrusy, resinous, piney, berry, or melon character. If dry hopped, can have an additional floral, herbal, or grassy aroma, although this is not required.

Very low to moderate dark malt aroma, which can optionally include light chocolate, coffee, or toast notes. Some clean or lightly caramelly malty sweetness may be found in the background. Fruitiness, either from esters or from hops, may also be detected in some versions, although a neutral fermentation character is also acceptable. Medium-low to high hop flavor with tropical, stone fruit, melon, citrusy, berry, piney or resinous aspects.

Medium-high to very high hop bitterness, although dark malts may contribute to the perceived bitterness. The base malt flavor is generally clean and of low to medium intensity, and can optionally have low caramel or toffee flavors. Dark malt flavors are low to medium-low; restrained chocolate or coffee flavors may be present, but the roasted notes should not be intense, ashy, or burnt, and should not clash with the hops. Low to moderate fruitiness from yeast or hops is acceptable but not required.

Dry to slightly off-dry finish. The finish may include a light roast character that contributes to perceived dryness, although this is not required. The bitterness may linger into the aftertaste but should not be harsh.

Smooth, medium-light to medium-bodied mouthfeel without significant hop- or especially roasted malt-derived astringency. Dry-hopped versions may be a bit resiny. A bit of creaminess may be present but is not required. Some smooth alcohol warming can and should be sensed in stronger but not all versions. Most examples are standard strength. Strong examples can sometimes seem like big, hoppy porters if made too extreme, which hurts their drinkability.

The hops and malt can combine to produce interesting interactions. Hop characteristics cited are typical of these type of hops; others characteristics are possible, particularly if derived from newer varietals. Balance and overall impression of an American or Double IPA with restrained roast similar to the type found in Schwarzbiers.

Not as roasty-burnt as American stouts and porters, and with less body and increased smoothness and drinkability. Color ranges from reddish-brown to dark brown but not black. Frequently opaque, but should be clear if visible. Unfiltered dry-hopped versions may be a bit hazy. Medium-sized, cream-colored to tan head with good persistence. A moderate to moderately-strong fresh hop aroma featuring one or more characteristics of American or New World hops, such as tropical fruit, stone fruit, citrus, floral, spicy, berry, melon, pine, resinous, etc.

Hop flavor is medium to high, and should reflect an American or New World hop character, such as citrus, floral, pine, resinous, spicy, tropical fruit, stone fruit, berry, melon, etc. Medium-high to high hop bitterness. The character malt choices and the hop selections should complement and enhance each other, not clash. The level of malt flavor should nearly balance the hop bitterness and flavor presentation. Dry to medium finish; residual sweetness should be medium-low to none. No roasted, burnt, or harsh-bitter malt character.

Previously might have been a sub-genre of American Brown Ales, hoppier and stronger than the normal products, but still maintaining the essential drinkability by avoiding sweet flavors or a heavy body or finish. A more modern craft beer name for a style that has long been popular with US homebrewers, when it was known as a hoppier American Brown Ale or sometimes Texas Brown Ale despite origins in California.

Similar to an American IPA, but with medium or dark crystal malts, lightly roasted chocolate-type malts, or other intermediate color character malts. May use sugar adjuncts, including brown sugar. American or New World finishing hops with tropical, fruity, citrusy, piney, berry, or melon aspects; the choice of hops and character malts is synergistic — they very much have to complement each other and not clash.

Color ranges from light reddish-amber to dark reddish-copper. Medium-sized, off-white to cream-colored head with good persistence. A moderate to strong fresh hop aroma featuring one or more characteristics of American or New World hops, such as tropical fruit, stone fruit, citrus, floral, spicy, berry, melon, pine, resinous, etc.

The level of malt flavor should not adversely constrain the hop bitterness and flavor presentation. Dry to medium-dry finish; residual sweetness should be medium-low to none. Previously might have been a sub-genre of American Amber Ales or Double Red Ales, hoppier and stronger than the normal products, but still maintaining the essential drinkability by avoiding sweet flavors or a heavy body or finish.

Similar to an American IPA, but with medium or dark crystal malts, possibly some character malts with a light toasty aspect. May use sugar adjuncts. A Red IPA is like a stronger, hoppier American Amber Ale, with the characteristic dry finish, medium-light body, and strong late hop character.

A decidedly hoppy and bitter, moderately strong American pale ale, showcasing modern American and New World hop varieties and rye malt. The balance is hop-forward, with a clean fermentation profile, dry finish, and clean, supporting malt allowing a creative range of hop character to shine through.

It may have low peppery rye malt aroma. A low to medium-low clean grainy-malty aroma may be found in the background. A light grainy spiciness from rye malt should be present. Rye malt contributes to a dry finish; residual sweetness should be low to none. The bitterness, hop flavor and dryness may linger into the aftertaste but should not be harsh.

Rye malt character should be noticeable, otherwise enter in American IPA. Looking to add complexity and variety to their IPAs, craft brewers and homebrewers substituted rye malt for a portion of their base malt. Water character varies from soft to moderately sulfate. Drier and slightly spicier than an American IPA.

Bitterness and spiciness from rye lingers longer than an American IPA. Does not have the intense rye malt character of a Roggenbier. Some examples are stronger like a Double IPA. Moderate fruity esters — banana, citrus, perhaps apricot.

Hop aroma is moderately-low to medium, usually American or New World type with stone fruit, citrus and tropical aromas. Esters and spices may reduce hop aroma perception. Light clove-like phenolics may be present. Light malt flavor, perhaps a bit bready. Fruity esters are moderate to high, with citrus flavors similar to grapefruit and orange, or stone fruit like apricot.

Sometimes banana-like flavors are present. Hop flavor is medium-low to medium-high with citrusy or fruity aspects. Some spicy clove-like flavors from Belgian yeast may be present. Coriander and orange peel flavors may be found as well. Bitterness is high which leads to a moderately dry, refreshing finish. Medium-light body with medium to medium-high carbonation. Typically no astringency, although highly spiced examples may exhibit a light astringency which is not distracting.

Bitter and hoppy like the IPA but fruity, spicy and light like the Wit. Typically the hop aroma and flavor are not as prominent as in an American IPA. Home Style Guidelines Overall Impression A decidedly hoppy and bitter, moderately strong American pale ale, showcasing modern American or New World hop varieties. Appearance Color ranges from medium gold to light reddish-amber. Aroma A prominent to intense hop aroma featuring one or more characteristics of American or New World hops, such as citrus, floral, pine, resinous, spicy, tropical fruit, stone fruit, berry, melon, etc.

Flavor Hop flavor is medium to very high, and should reflect an American or New World hop character, such as citrus, floral, pine, resinous, spicy, tropical fruit, stone fruit, berry, melon, etc. Mouthfeel Medium-light to medium body, with a smooth texture. Comments A modern American craft beer interpretation of the historical English style, brewed using American ingredients and attitude.

History The first modern American craft beer example is generally believed to be Anchor Liberty Ale, first brewed in and using whole Cascade hops; the style has pushed beyond that original beer, which now tastes more like an American Pale Ale in comparison. Characteristic Ingredients Pale ale or 2-row brewers malt as the base, American or New World hops, American or English yeast with a clean or slightly fruity profile. Vital Statistics IBU. Style Attributes bitter , craft-style , high-strength , hoppy , ipa-family , north-america , pale-color , top-fermented.

Overall Impression Recognizable as an IPA by balance — a hop-forward, bitter, dryish beer — with something else present to distinguish it from the standard categories. Aroma Detectable hop aroma is required; characterization of hops is dependent on the specific type of Specialty IPA.

Flavor Hop flavor is typically medium-low to high, with qualities dependent on typical varieties used in the specific Specialty IPA. Mouthfeel Smooth, medium-light to medium-bodied mouthfeel. Entry Instructions Entrant must specify a strength session, standard, double ; if no strength is specified, standard will be assumed.

Appearance Light golden to amber in color. Aroma Moderate to high hop aroma, often tropical, stone fruit, citrus or pine-like typical of American or New World hop varieties. Flavor Initial flavor is moderately spicy and estery associated with Belgian yeast strains. Mouthfeel The body is medium to light and varies due to carbonation level and adjunct use. Comments The choice of yeast strain and hop varieties is critical since many choices will horribly clash.

History A relatively new style, started showing up in the mid s. Characteristic Ingredients Belgian yeast strains used in making tripels and golden strong ales. Style Attributes bitter , craft-style , high-strength , hoppy , ipa-family , north-america , pale-color , specialty-family , top-fermented. Overall Impression A beer with the dryness, hop-forward balance, and flavor characteristics of an American IPA, only darker in color — but without strongly roasted or burnt flavors. Appearance Color ranges from dark brown to black.

Aroma A moderate to high hop aroma, often with a stone fruit, tropical, citrusy, resinous, piney, berry, or melon character. Flavor Medium-low to high hop flavor with tropical, stone fruit, melon, citrusy, berry, piney or resinous aspects. Mouthfeel Smooth, medium-light to medium-bodied mouthfeel without significant hop- or especially roasted malt-derived astringency. Comments Most examples are standard strength.

Style Attributes bitter , craft-style , dark-color , high-strength , hoppy , ipa-family , north-america , specialty-family , top-fermented. Appearance Color ranges from reddish-brown to dark brown but not black.

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